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William Penn SD et al. v. Pa. Dept. of Education et al. (Pa. Commonwealth Court, 2018)

Chronology of the case

The lawsuit, filed in 2014, is tentatively scheduled to go to trial beginning September 9, 2021. Read our April 2020 press release.

The case, filed on behalf of parents, school districts, and statewide organizations in response to the failure of Pennsylvania’s legislature to adequately and equitably fund public education was remanded to Commonwealth Court in September 2017 by the state Supreme Court, which ruled that the claims in our case are subject to judicial review .

Following oral argument on March 7, 2018, Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court ruled in our favor on May 7 in this case, overruling a set of objections filed by state legislative leaders and moving our school funding lawsuit closer to trial. The court spelled out the next steps in the case, directing the parties to address two issues before it goes to trial:  Whether the state’s adoption of education funding formula renders the case moot and whether education is an important or fundamental right under Pennsylvania law.  Read more in the May 7, 2018, news release.

Our brief filed July 6, 2018, refuted the argument made by respondent Sen. Scarnati that the funding formula renders the case moot, pointing out the decline in funding available for classroom expenses and the widening gaps in spending between low-wealth and high-wealth districts. Read more in the July 6, 2018, news release. The respondents also filed briefs on whether the case is moot, as described in the August 7, 2018, news release.

The court denied the respondents’ petition to dismiss the case as moot in an order issued August 21, 2018, clearing the way for the case to move toward trial, as described in this news release.

In a scheduling order issued on December 6, 2018, the court set a tentative trial date for 2020, as described in this news release. Since December 2018, the court has issued several briefing orders and updated the schedule. In summer 2020, the parties completed the extensive pre-trial phase known as discovery, when each party was gathering evidence to support their case through documents, witness statements, and other means. Over the course of the discovery process, the parties completed more than 70 depositions. The parties have exchanged multiple expert reports and rebuttals. Filings relating to motions for summary judgment were submitted in late 2020. The court issued rulings on those motions in early 2021, the last remaining step before scheduling the case for trial; read our March 2021 news release.

Read more: Frequently Asked Questions About the School Funding Case

Key court documents

Commonwealth Court Order Setting Oral Argument (1/31/2018)

Our Brief in Opposition to Preliminary Objections  (2/15/2018)

Brief of Senator Joseph Scarnati

Brief of Governor Wolf

Brief of Speaker Michael Turzai

Brief of State Board of Education

Decision Overruling Preliminary Objections (5/7/2018)

Our Brief in Opposition to Mootness Application (7/6/2018)

Response of Senator Scarnati on Mootness (8/3/2018)

Response of Representative Turzai on Mootness (8/3/2018)

Response of Governor Wolf on Mootness (8/3/2018)

Response of State Board of Education on Mootness (8/3/2018)

Scarnati Application for Decision on Mootness (8/13/2018)

Answer to Scarnati Application for Decision on Mootness (8/14/2018)

Order Denying Application to Dismiss for Mootness (8/21/2018)

Answer and New Matter:  State Board of Education (9/20/2018)

Answer and New Matter: Sen. Scarnati (9/19/2018)

Answer and New Matter: Rep. Turzai (9/19/2018)

Answer and New Matter: Gov. Wolf (9/19/2018)

Opposition to Scheduling Conference:  Rep. Turzai (9/21/2018)

Non-Opposition to Scheduling Conference:  Sen. Scarnati (9/21/2018)

Non-Opposition to Scheduling Conference:  State Board of Education (9/21/2018)

Non-Opposition to Scheduling Conference:  Gov. Wolf (9/21/2018)

Scheduling Order (12/6/2018)

Order Granting Application for Extension (9/12/2019)

Order Granting Application for Extension (11/20/2019)

Order Granting Application for Extension (1/24/2020)

Order Granting Application for Extension (3/20/2020)

Order Granting Application for Extension (5/28/2020)

Order Filed for Oral Argument (5/29/2020)

Order Granting Application for Extension (8/10/20)

Order Granting Application for Extension (9/24/20)

Memorandum Opinion Denying SBE Motion for Summary Dismissal (2/29/21)

Opinion and Order Denying Application for Summary Relief (3/8/2021)

Order Granting Application for Extension (4/1/2021 – includes tentative trial start date)